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Burn and scar treatment

There are three types of burns: first degree burns, second degree burns, third-degree burns.

First-degree burns do not usually cause scars, while second and third-degree burns cause scars that need to be treated, some scars may fade over time while others need urgent treatment.

Burns occur as a result of the exposure of the skin to something hot, such as the fall of boiling water on the skin, chemicals, radiation, and electricity that cause Skin cell death and change the color of the skin, this is called scars.
 


Types of scars

 
  1. Normal fine-line scars: scar that does not completely disappear but leaves an effect on the shape of a visible mark or line, Linear scars usually appear after the surgery does not cause any pain but can cause itching for a few months
  2. Keloid scars: A keloid scar is an overgrowth of tissue that occurs when too much collagen is produced at the site of the wound.
  3. Hypertrophic scars: occur as a result of producing too much collagen in the wound site and this scar doesn’t expand out of the original wound but requires at least six months to recover.
  4. Pitted or sunken scars: They are also called atrophic scars that occur as a result of a wound that causes loss of underlying fat
  5. Scar contractures: These scars occur as a result of burns that cause skin shrinks and therefore difficulty in movement.



What prevents the appearance of scars?

 

The treatment of second-degree burns in the right way can help to prevent the appearance of scars by the following tips:

  • Put the affected area under cold water to Maintain skin moisture.

  • Using antibiotic for burns to avoid infection.
  • Consult the doctor and know the appropriate treatment to avoid any risks.
 
 
 burn and scar - dr mahmoud fakiha
 
 
 

Treatment of scars and burns

 
  • Work closely with your doctor and treatment team to ensure that scars and burns are cured as much as possible, but you must follow your doctor's directions and  treatment plan to ensure the best possible result.

  • There is no perfect cure for scars and burns, some thought that the pressure clothing for burns was the best remedy for getting rid of scars, but research has shown that these clothes do not make any difference in the healing of scars.

  • If the patient and doctor decide to use the pressure clothing for the treatment of scars, these clothes should be worn 24 hours a day, although these clothes do not make a difference in the treatment of scars, but reduce itching and protect the skin from infection.
  • Massage helps to soften the skin and to get rid of minor scars, so the doctor should be consulted for using specialists that know massage techniques.
  • Using topical creams or lasers may help to reduce scars.
  • Surgical treatment is the last solution, especially for second and third-degree burns.



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